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The shoulder is where your arm (your humerus) attaches to your body as it connects with your shoulder blade (scapula). This joint is very mobile, allowing us to  complete many different and compex arm movements in our daily lives. unfortunately, as this joint is so mobile, it lacks stability and relies on many muscles for support. Therefore it is prone to injury from trauma and also overuse of these surrounding muscles.  Shoulder pain occurs frequently and there are many common causes. It is important to see your physiotherapist for an accurate diagnosis to ensure the best treatment. Here are some of the main causes of shoulder pain.

Anatomy of the Shoulder

The shoulder consists of a ball and socket join with a complex ligamentus and muscular system.

Shoulder conditions

What causes shoulder pain?

Overuse injuries:

Overuse shoulder injuries occur due to repetitive use. In many cases, this is due to above shoulder height or across body use.  You should also minimize the loads and forces in these positions.

Traumatic Injuries:

Trauma can cause internal damage to any of the shoulder structures. Typically detailed investigation, testing and imaging may be required to ascertain the extent of the injury and determine the appropriate management.

Degenerative Conditions:

Some shoulder conditions can arise from degenerative changes to the internal tissues of the shoulder.  These can be changes to soft tissues such as the tendons and the ligaments of the shoulder or the bode, such as joint-related changes such as arthritis.

shoulder infographic

Shoulder Conditions

Bursitis  and Rotator Cuff Tendonitis The most common diagnosis in patients with shoulder pain is bursitis or irritation of the tendons attaching to the humerus, the rotator cuff. read more

Rotator Cuff Tear Rotator cuff tears occur when the tendons of the rotator cuff separate from the bone. Surgery is sometimes necessary for this condition if the tear is large, or causes functional issues and pain. Occasionally tears can  be part of normal wear and can be managed conservatively or may even not be related to any shoulder problems. read more

Frozen Shoulder Also called ‘adhesive capsulitis’,this is a common condition that leads to stiffness of the joint. Physical therapy and stretching are extremely important aspects of treatment.- read more

Calcific Tendinitis Calcific tendinitis is a condition where calcium deposits form within a tendon -- most commonly within the rotator cuff tendons. Treatment of calcific tendonitis depends on the extent of symptoms.

Shoulder Instability Instability is a problem that causes a loose joint. Instability can be caused by a traumatic injury (dislocation), or may be a developed condition.  read more

Shoulder Dislocation A dislocation is an injury that occurs when the top of the arm bone becomes disconnected from the scapula.

Shoulder Separation  Also called an AC separation, these injuries are the result of a disruption of the acromioclavicular joint. This is a very different injury from a dislocation!

Labral Tear or Shoulder Rim Injury There are several patterns of a torn labrum and the type of treatment depends on the specific injury.

SLAP Lesion The SLAP lesion is also a type of labral tear. The most common cause is a fall onto an outstretched hand.
• Arthritis Shoulder arthritis is less common than knee and hip arthritis, but when severe may require joint replacement surgery.

Biceps Tendon Rupture The biceps tendon sometimes tear where it attaches to the upper arm. read more

Need additional help

Our team at Physica are here to help you with all of your musculoskeletal conditions.   Please book on;likne using the link in the header or if you have additional questions prior to bookings contact us via email.


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