The shoulder is where your arm (your humerus) attaches to your body as it connects with your shoulder blade (scapula). This joint is very mobile, allowing us to complete many different and compex arm movements in our daily lives. unfortunately, as this joint is so mobile, it lacks stability and relies on many muscles for support. Therefore it is prone to injury from trauma and also overuse of these surrounding muscles. Shoulder pain occurs frequently and there are many common causes. It is important to see your physiotherapist for an accurate diagnosis to ensure the best treatment. Here are some of the main causes of shoulder pain.
Anatomy of the Shoulder
The shoulder consists of a ball and socket join with a complex ligamentus and muscular system.
- Subacromial Bursitis find out more
- Acromioclavicular Joint strain (AC joint)
- Rotator Cuff Injuries find out more
- SLAP Tear / Labral Tear
- Biceps tendon injuries- find out more
- Shoulder Instability- find out more
Bursitis and Rotator Cuff Tendonitis The most common diagnosis in patients with shoulder pain is bursitis or irritation of the tendons attaching to the humerus, the rotator cuff. find out more
Rotator Cuff Tear Rotator cuff tears occur when the tendons of the rotator cuff separate from the bone. Surgery is sometimes necessary for this condition if the tear is large, or causes functional issues and pain. Occasionally tears can be part of normal wear and can be managed conservatively or may even not be related to any shoulder problems. find out more
Frozen Shoulder Also called ‘adhesive capsulitis’,this is a common condition that leads to stiffness of the joint. Physical therapy and stretching are extremely important aspects of treatment.
Calcific Tendinitis Calcific tendinitis is a condition where calcium deposits form within a tendon -- most commonly within the rotator cuff tendons. Treatment of calcific tendonitis depends on the extent of symptoms.
Shoulder Instability Instability is a problem that causes a loose joint. Instability can be caused by a traumatic injury (dislocation), or may be a developed condition. find out more
Shoulder Dislocation A dislocation is an injury that occurs when the top of the arm bone becomes disconnected from the scapula.
Shoulder Separation Also called an AC separation, these injuries are the result of a disruption of the acromioclavicular joint. This is a very different injury from a dislocation!
Labral Tear or Shoulder Rim Injury There are several patterns of a torn labrum and the type of treatment depends on the specific injury.
SLAP Lesion The SLAP lesion is also a type of labral tear. The most common cause is a fall onto an outstretched hand.
• Arthritis Shoulder arthritis is less common than knee and hip arthritis, but when severe may require joint replacement surgery.
Biceps Tendon Rupture The biceps tendon sometimes tear where it attaches to the upper arm. find out more
What causes shoulder pain?
Overuse injuries:Overuse shoulder injuries occur due to repetitive use. In many cases this is due to above shoulder height or across body use. You should also minimize the loads and forces in these positions.
Traumatic Injuries: Trauma can cause internal damage to any of the shoulder structures. Typically detailed investigation, testing and imaging may be required to ascertain the extent of the injury and determine the appropriate management.
What to see more!
Click on the list icon to open up the ability to dissect, xray or see cross sections of the thoracic spine
Need additional help
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